SLOW-STROKE BACK MASSASE TO PAIN INTENSITY OF RHEUMATID ARTHRITIS IN ELDERY

Melina Kartika Sari

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v1i2.74
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Abstract


Introduction.Rheumatoid arthritis represented an autoimmune disease that attacks the joints causing chronic inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis experienced by many elderly. One of non-pharmacological ways to overcome this pain was by stimulation of the skin with a technique of slow-stroke back massase. The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of slow-stroke back massase to pain intensity of Rheumatic arthritis on eldery. Method. The research design in this study was Quasy Experiment with the approach of pre-test and post-test group with control. The sample consisted of 20 respondents selected by purposive sampling technique. And divided into two groups: experimental group (n = 10) and control group (n = 10). Data obtained by interview and observation method of pain intensity for 7 days. Then the processed data statistical test of Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test and Mann Withney test with a standard error of 0.05. Result. The results showed in the control group no change in pain intensity. While the majority of the experimental group (60%), pain intensity change from medium become mild. These results can be seen from statistical tests with the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test resulted P value = 0.014 and Mann Withney post test resulted P value = 0.007, H0 rejected. Discussion. Based on the research results it can be concluded that there was influence of slow-stroke back massase toward the pain intensity of rheumatoid arthritis in elderly. Thus it can be an alternative to reduce the pain of rheumatoid arthritis in the elderly. Keywords: slow-stroke back massase, intensity of pain, rheumatoid arthritis, elderly

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