COGNITIVE THERAPY GROUP DYNAMICS MODEL FOR REDUCING THE LEVEL OF DEPRESSED PATIENTS IN MENTAL HOSPITAL

Arum Pratiwi

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v1i2.66
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Abstract


Introduction. The worst impact of depression is suicide, it need comprehensive management. Model of cognitive therapy through group dynamics try to break the chain, so, that the body does not respond to stimuli that lead to increased serotonin. The purpose of this study was create a new model of nursing care, describe the personal characteristics of depressed patients, describe of the level of depressed patients and compare depressed patients between the control group and the treatment group. Method. The design of this study was quasi experiments with pre test and post test control group. The sample study used purposive sampling strategies, that was patients in mental hospitals and selected with screening and than they were chosen with mild and moderate categories. The samples were 32 patients, 16 patients were a control group and 16 patients were a treated group. Patients were given a therapy model for one month which is 2 times a week. After that the level of depression were measured by BECK questionnaires. The data were analyzed by using independent t test. Result. The results showed that the distribution of the level of depression at pretest, 62.5% of mild depression in the treatment group and 62.5% of moderate depression in the control group. The result of post test, the mild depression decreased to 25%, and the moderate depression to 37.5%. The t test results concluded that the two groups there was difference in rates of depression between the control group and the treated group with t value significance 7.000 and 0.000. Discussion. In future studies it would be better if the treatment done in the longer term and depression levels were analyzed periodically. Keywords: Cognitive Therapy, Group Dynamics, Depressed Patients

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