Nursing Students’ Spirituality and Their Perception of Spirituality and Spiritual Care

Arvianty Shafira Putri, Chiyar Edison Sunarya, Agung Waluyo

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v8i1.484
Abstract views = 145 times | views = 189 times

Abstract


Introduction: The unmet spiritual need in clinical practice is a challenge for nursing education to prepare the spiritual care competence in nursing care. It has been debatable that spiritual nursing competence is derived from the spirituality of nursing students and their perception of spirituality and spiritual care. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between nursing students’ own spirituality and their perception of spirituality and spiritual care.

Method: The design of the study was cross-sectional study by involving 286 students from undergraduate and professional program. There were 232 nursing students who participated in this study. The collection data were conducted via online survey using Beliefs and Values Scale (BVS)no and Spiritual Care-Giving Scale (SCGS) tools. The data were analyzed with SPSS. Bivariate analysis with Spearman’s Correlation Coefficient was used to investigate the association between BVS score and SCGS score.

Results: The result showed that participants have strong spiritual belief (median: 70) and good perception of spirituality and spiritual care (median: 172). Additionally, a significant relationship of the two variables was found (p-value: 0,000).


Conclusions: The spirituality of nursing students should be concerned by nursing education system. This matter seems to be important to prepare nursing students in applying spiritual care in clinical setting.


Keywords


nursing students, perception of spirituality, spiritual care, spiritual nursing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbasi, M., Farahani-Nia, M., Mehrdad, N., Givari, A., & Haghani, H. upload jurnal/jurnal/COJNH. 000514. pd. (2014). Nursing Students’ Spiritual Well-being, Spirituality and Spiritual Care. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 19(May), 242–247.

Akoglu, H. (2018). User’s guide to correlation coefficients. Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine, 18(3), 91–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tjem.2018.08.001

Aksoy, M., & Coban, G. I. (2017). Nursing Students’ Perceptions about Spirituality and Spiritual Care. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(3), 1136–1147. https://doi.org/10.5222/head.2016.202

Arini, Hana N; Mulyono, Wastu A; Susilowati, I. (2015). Hubungan Spiritualitas Perawat dan Kompetensi Asuhan Spiritual. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman, 10(2), 130–140. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jks.2015.10.2.594

Azarsa, T., Davoodi, A., Khorami Markani, A., Gahramanian, A., & Vargaeei, A. (2015). Spiritual wellbeing, Attitude toward Spiritual Care and its Relationship with Spiritual Care Competence among Critical Care Nurses. Journal of Caring Sciences, 4(4), 309–320. https://doi.org/10.15171/jcs.2015.031

Bakar, A., Nursalam, N., Adriani, M., Kusnanto, K., Qomariah, S. N., Hidayati, L., Pratiwi, I. N., & Ni’mah, L. (2017). Nurses’ Spirituality Improves Caring Behavior. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 6(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v6i1.6343

Balboni, M. J., Sullivan, A., Enzinger, A. C., Epstein-Peterson, Z. D., Tseng, Y. D., Mitchell, C., Niska, J., Zollfrank, A., VanderWeele, T. J., & Balboni, T. (2014). Nurse and Physician Barriers to Spiritual Care Provision at the End of Life. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 48(3), 400–410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.09.020.Nurse

Chew, B. W., Tiew, L. H., & Creedy, D. K. (2016). Acute care nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care: an exploratory study in Singapore. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25(17–18), 2520–2527. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13290

Chiang, Y. C., Lee, H. C., Chu, T. L., Han, C. Y., & Hsiao, Y. C. (2016). The impact of nurses’ spiritual health on their attitudes toward spiritual care, Professional commitment, And caring. Nursing Outlook, 64(3), 215–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2015.11.012

Cruz, J. P., Alshammari, F., Alotaibi, K. A., & Colet, P. C. (2017). Spirituality and spiritual care perspectives among baccalaureate nursing students in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. Nurse Education Today, 49, 156–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2016.11.027

Frida, A., Novieastari, E., & Nuraini, T. (2019). Perception on spiritual care: Comparation of the nursing students of public university and religious-based university. Enfermería Clínica, 29, 59-64

Gallison, B. S., Xu, Y., Jurgens, C. Y., & Boyle, S. M. (2013). Acute care nurses spiritual care practices. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 31(2), 95–103. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010112464121

Harrad, R., Cosentino, C., Keasley, R., & Sulla, F. (2019). Spiritual care in nursing : an overview of the measures used to assess spiritual care provision and related factors amongst nurses. 90(6), 44–55. https://doi.org/10.23750/abm.v90i4-S.8300

Hoffert, D., Henshaw, C., & Mvududu, N. (2007). a Spiritual Assessment. 32(2), 66–72.

Hu, Y., Jiao, M., & Li, F. (2019). Effectiveness of spiritual care training to enhance spiritual health and spiritual care competency among oncology nurses. BMC Palliative Care, 18(104), 1–8.

Huber, J. T., & MacDonald, D. A. (2012). An investigation of the relations between altruism, empathy, and spirituality. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 52(2), 206–221. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022167811399442

Jahandideh, S., Zare, A., Kendall, E., & Jahandideh, M. (2018). Nurses ’ Spiritual Well-Being and Patients ’ Spiritual Care in Iran. COJ Nurse Healthcare, January, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.31031/COJNH.2018.01.000514

King, M., Jones, L., Barnes, K., Low, J., Walker, C., Wilkinson, S., Mason, C., Sutherland, J., & Tookman, A. (2006). Measuring spiritual belief: Development and standardization of a beliefs and values scale. Psychological Medicine, 36(3), 417–425. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003329170500629X

Labrague, L. J., McEnroe-Petitte, D. M., Achaso, R. H., Cachero, G. S., & Mohammad, M. R. A. (2016). Filipino Nurses’ Spirituality and Provision of Spiritual Nursing Care. Clinical Nursing Research, 25(6), 607–625. https://doi.org/10.1177/1054773815590966

Leeuwen, R. Van, & Schep-Akkerman, A. (2015). Nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care in different health care settings in the Netherlands. Religions, 6(4), 1346–1357. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel6041346

Mcsherry, W., & Jamieson, S. (2011). An online survey of nurses ’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 1757–1767. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03547.x

Momennasab, M., Shadfard, Z., Jaberi, A., Najafi, S. S., & Hosseini, F. N. (2019). The effect of group reflection on nursing students’ spiritual well-being and attitude toward spiritual care: A randomized controlled trial. Investigacion y Educacion En Enfermeria, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v37n1e09

Mondt, P. A. (2017). Nurse Mental Health : Relationship of Spirituality with Compassion Levels. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, May, 1–154.

Neuman, B., & Fawcett, J. (2011). The Neuman Systems Model (5th editio). Pearson.

Ross, L., Giske, T., van Leeuwen, R., Baldacchino, D., McSherry, W., Narayanasamy, A., Jarvis, P., & Schep-Akkerman, A. (2016). Factors contributing to student nurses’/midwives’ perceived competency in spiritual care. Nurse Education Today, 36, 445–451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2015.10.005

Ross, L., McSherry, W., Giske, T., van Leeuwen, R., Schep-Akkerman, A., Koslander, T., Hall, J., Steenfeldt, V. Ø., & Jarvis, P. (2018). Nursing and midwifery students’ perceptions of spirituality, spiritual care, and spiritual care competency: A prospective, longitudinal, correlational European study. Nurse Education Today, 67(November 2017), 64–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.05.002

Ross, L., Van Leeuwen, R., Baldacchino, D., Giske, T., McSherry, W., Narayanasamy, A., Downes, C., Jarvis, P., & Schep-Akkerman, A. (2013). Student nurses perceptions of spirituality and competence in delivering spiritual care: A European pilot study. Nurse Education Today, 34(5), 697–702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.09.014

Samsualam, Hidayat, R., & Lestari, K. (2018). Studi Eksplorasi Religiusitas dan Implementasi Asuhan Keperawatan Spiritual Muslim PSIK FKM UMI 2018. Window of Health: Jurnal Kesehatan, 1(4), 346–354.

Tiew, L. H., & Creedy, D. K. (2012). Development and preliminary validation of a composite Spiritual Care-Giving Scale. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49(6), 682–690. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.11.014

Tiew, L. H., Creedy, D. K., & Chan, M. F. (2013). Student nurses ’ perspectives of spirituality and spiritual care. Nurse Education Today, 33(6), 574–579. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.007

Wright, S., & Neuberger, J. (2012). Why spirituality is essential for nurses. Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987), 26(40), 19–21. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns.26.40.19.s22

Wu, L. F., & Lin, L. Y. (2011). Exploration of clinical nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. Journal of Nursing Research, 19(4), 250–256. https://doi.org/10.1097/JNR.0b013e318236cf78

Yuwono, C. (2015). Gambaran persepsi mahasiswa keperawatan tentang perawatan spiritual. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro, 93.

Zamanzadeh, V., Valizadeh, L., Rahmani, A., van der Cingel, M., & Ghafourifard, M. (2018). Factors facilitating nurses to deliver compassionate care: a qualitative study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 32(1), 92–97. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12434


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

 

 

Creative Commons License

Copyright of Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education and Clinic (INJEC) (e-ISSN:2527-8819, p-ISSN:2527-8800).


View My Stats