Effect of Positive Self-Talk on Anxiety Among Patients with Covid-19

ice septriani saragih, Friska Sri Handayani BR Ginting, Rumbun Sirait

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v7i1.447
Abstract views = 121 times | views = 140 times

Abstract


Introduction: Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a problem that is being widely recognized and occurs in more than 200 countries in the world. The increase in cases has a negative impact on aspects of human life, which can cause anxiety. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of positive self-talk on the anxiety of COVID-19 patients.

Methods: The population in this study were all COVID-19 patients at Adam Malik Hospital Medan with a total sample of 70 people. The sampling technique is non-probability sampling with a purposive sampling with the inclusion criteria in this study of patients with COVID-19 who were hospitalized with moderate degrees, patients who were cooperative and able to follow the instructions of the researcher. The research design was quasi-experimental and the data analysis used was paired t-test and independent t-test with the p-value <0.05.

Result: The results showed that there was anxiety before and after the action was taken between the control group and the intervention group (p=0.000, <0.005). Based on the independent t-test, it showed that there was a positive effect of self-talk on the anxiety of COVID-19 patients before and before the action was taken (p = 0.000, <0.005).

Conclusion: Therefore, these results indicate that positive self-talk is effective in reducing anxiety levels in COVID-19 patients. This intervention can be used as an alternative in nursing services to help reduce anxiety levels


Keywords


Positive self-talk, anxiety, COVID-19 patients

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akhtarul Islam, M., Barna, S. D., Raihan, H., Nafiul Alam Khan, M., & Tanvir Hossain, M. (2020). Depression and anxiety among university students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh: A web-based cross-sectional survey. PLoS ONE, 15(8 August), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0238162

Beretsky, S. (2011). Don’t Ditch the Positive Self-Talk. PT Rineka Cipta.

BNPB. (2020). Situasi Virus Corona. Jakarta: Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana.

Bulut, C., & Kato, Y. (2020). Epidemiology of covid-19. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, 50(SI-1), 563–570. https://doi.org/10.3906/sag-2004-172

Ceylan, Z. (2020). Estimation of COVID-19 prevalence in Italy, Spain, and France. Science of the Total Environment, 729, 138817. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138817

Dwi Ananda, S. S., & Apsari, N. C. (2020). Mengatasi Stress Pada Remaja Saat Pandemi Covid-19 Dengan Teknik Self Talk. Prosiding Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 7(2), 248. https://doi.org/10.24198/jppm.v7i2.29050

Ersyafiani, N. (2018). Self-Talk: Seni Berdialog dengan Diri Sendiri.

Fadli, F., Safruddin, S., Ahmad, A. S., Sumbara, S., & Baharuddin, R. (2020). No Title ID: covidwho-1235143. Jurnal Pendidikan Keperawatan Indonesia, 57-65.

Fung, T. S., & Liu, D. X. (2019). Human Coronavirus : Host-Pathogen Interaction. 529–560.

Guan, J., Wu, C., Wei, D., Xu, Q., Wang, J., Lin, H., Wang, C., & Mao, Z. (2021). Prevalence and Factors for Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic among College Students in China.

Jannah, R. J., Jatimi, A., Azizah, M. J., Munir, Z., & Rahman, H. F. (2020). Kecemasan Pasien COVID-19: A Systematic Review. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 11(2), 33–37. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=id&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=kecemasan+pasien+covid+yang+dirawat+di+rumah+sakit&btnG=

Mazza, M. G., De Lorenzo, R., Conte, C., Poletti, S., Vai, B., Bollettini, I., Melloni, E. M. T., Furlan, R., Ciceri, F., Rovere-Querini, P., & Benedetti, F. (2020). Anxiety and depression in COVID-19 survivors: Role of inflammatory and clinical predictors. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 89(July), 594–600. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.07.037

Moghanibashi-Mansourieh, A. (2020). Assessing the anxiety level of Iranian general population during COVID-19 outbreak. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51(March), 102076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102076

Muyasaroh, H. (2020). Kajian Jenis Kecemasan Masyarakat Cilacap dalam menghadapi Pandemi Covid 19. LP2M UNUGHA Cilacap, http://repository.unugha.ac.id/id/eprint/858

Nursalam. (2016). METODOLOGI PENELITIAN09162019.pdf (p. 415). http://eprints.ners.unair.ac.id/982/1/METODOLOGI PENELITIAN09162019.pdf

Raony, Í., de Figueiredo, C. S., Pandolfo, P., Giestal-de-Araujo, E., Oliveira-Silva Bomfim, P., & Savino, W. (2020). Psycho-Neuroendocrine-Immune Interactions in COVID-19: Potential Impacts on Mental Health. Frontiers in Immunology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.01170

Soemari, Y. B., Sapri, Maghfiroh, F., Yuniarti, Achaditani, N. M., Variani, R., Tsabitah, A. F., Zulkarnain, A. K., Wahyuningsih, M. S. H., Nugrahaningsih, D. A. A., Akmaliyah, M., Syamsul, E. S., Amanda, N. A., Lestari, D., 2021, scmidt iotc, Sumule, A., Kuncahyo, I., Leviana, F., Xue-, W., Kimia, J. T., …

Jubaidah, S. (2020). No 主観的健康感を中心とした在宅高齢者における 健康関連指標に関する共分散構造分析Title. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 2(1), 5http://jurnal.globalhealthsciencegroup.com/index.php/JPPP/article/download/83/65%0Ahttp://www.embase.com/search/results?subaction=viewrecord&from=export&id=L603546864%5Cnhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/420723%0Ahttp://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-76

Thomaes, S., Tjaarda, I. C., Brummelman, E., & Sedikides, C. (2020). Effort Self-Talk Benefits the Mathematics Performance of Children With Negative Competence Beliefs. In Child Development (Vol. 91, Issue 6, pp. 2211–2220). https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13347

WHO. (2020). Mental Health and Psychosocial Considerations During COVID-19 Outbreak. World Health Organization, January, 1–6. file:///C:/Users/muled/Downloads/COVID referances/Mental health and psychosocial considerations during the.pdf

Yang, L., Wu, D., Hou, Y., Wang, X., Dai, N., Wang, G., Yang, Q., Zhao, W., Lou, Z., Ji, Y., & Ruan, L. (2020). Analysis of psychological state and clinical psychological intervention model of patients with COVID-19. MedRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.22.20040899


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

 


 

Creative Commons License

Copyright of Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education and Clinic (INJEC) (e-ISSN:2527-8819, p-ISSN:2527-8800).


View My Stats