Examining Academic Stress and Its Source Among Nursing Professional Students (Ners) Using the Modified Perception of Academic Stress Scale (PAS)

Wahyu Rochdiat Murdhiono, Venny Vidayanti

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v7i1.441
Abstract views = 280 times | views = 182 times

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Nurse professional students experienced academic stress due to the changing mode of learning to online learning. Academic stress also have a negative impact on the achievement of nursing profession students' competencies. There is an urgent need study to measure academic stress experienced by nursing professional students using a tailored and valid instrument.

Method: This study is a quantitative study used survey design to measure academic stress in nursing students at the professional stage using a modified questionnaire from the Perceived Academic Stress Scale (PAS). There were 339 nursing students in profession phase from private college in Yogyakarta. Respondents were obtained by consecutive sampling technique. The psychometric testing of the modified PAS academic stress scale attempts to determine the instrument's internal, external, and reliability for use with nursing professional students. Internal validity was determined in two methods in this study: by examining corrected item-total correlation and by doing exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on each produced item. The instrument's external validity is determined by administering it to two specialists in mental nursing and nursing education.

Results: The developed instrument has internal consistency reliability of 0.818 (Cronbach’s alpha), there was evidence for content validity, and factor analysis resulted in five correlated and theoretically meaningful factors. Based in this instrument, most students experience moderate academic stress during their learning at the professional program phase.

Conclusions: The modified PAS instrument used in this study is a tailored, valid and trustworthy for measuring academic stress of nursing professional students during pandemic Covid-19.


Keywords


stress; academic; student; nurse

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adedoyin, O. B. and Soykan, E. (2020) ‘Covid-19 pandemic and online learning: the challenges and opportunities’, Interactive Learning Environments. Taylor & Francis, 0(0), pp. 1–13. doi: 10.1080/10494820.2020.1813180.

Adom, D., Chukwuere, J. and Osei, M. (2020) ‘Academic Stress among Faculty and Students in Higher Institutions’, Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum, 28(2), pp. 1055–1064.

Aihie, O. N. and Ohanaka, B. I. (2019) ‘Perceived Academic Stress among Undergraduate Students in a Nigerian University’, Journal of Educational and Social Research, 9(2), pp. 56–66. doi: 10.2478/jesr-2019-0013.

Al-Shagawi, M. A. et al. (2017) ‘Determinants of academic stress and stress-related self-medication practice among undergraduate male pharmacy and medical students of a tertiary educational institution in Saudi Arabia’, Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 16(12), pp. 2997–3003. doi: 10.4314/tjpr.v16i12.26.

AlAteeq, D. A., Aljhani, S. and AlEesa, D. (2020) ‘Perceived stress among students in virtual classrooms during the COVID-19 outbreak in KSA’, Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. Elsevier, 15(5), pp. 398–403. doi: 10.1016/j.jtumed.2020.07.004.

Aristovnik, A. et al. (2020) ‘Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on life of higher education students: A global perspective’, Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(20), pp. 1–34. doi: 10.3390/su12208438.

Bamuhair, S. S. et al. (2015) ‘Sources of Stress and Coping Strategies among Undergraduate Medical Students Enrolled in a Problem-Based Learning Curriculum’, Journal of Biomedical Education, 2015, pp. 1–8. doi: 10.1155/2015/575139.

Barseli, M., & Ifdil, I. (2017) ‘Konsep Stres Akademik Siswa’, Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 5(3).

Baticulon, R. E. et al. (2021) ‘Barriers to Online Learning in the Time of COVID-19: A National Survey of Medical Students in the Philippines’, Medical Science Educator. Springer US, 31(2), pp. 615–626. doi: 10.1007/s40670-021-01231-z.

Bedewy, D. and Gabriel, A. (2015) ‘Examining perceptions of academic stress and its sources among university students : The Perception of Academic Stress Scale’, Health Psychology Open. doi: 10.1177/2055102915596714.

Bolatov, A. K. et al. (2021) ‘Online-Learning due to COVID-19 Improved Mental Health Among Medical Students’, Medical Science Educator. Medical Science Educator, 31(1), pp. 183–192. doi: 10.1007/s40670-020-01165-y.

Brown, K., Anderson-Johnson, P. and McPherson, A. N. (2016) ‘Academic-related stress among graduate students in nursing in a Jamaican school of nursing’, Nurse Education in Practice. Elsevier Ltd, 20, pp. 117–124. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2016.08.004.

Chandra, Y. (2021) ‘Online education during COVID-19: perception of academic stress and emotional intelligence coping strategies among college students’, Asian Education and Development Studies, 10(2), pp. 229–238. doi: 10.1108/AEDS-05-2020-0097.

Clare Carolan, D. (2020) ‘COVID 19: Disruptive impacts and transformative opportunities in undergraduate nurse education’, Nurse Education in Practice journal, 46(January), pp. 1–3.

Dirjen-Dikti (2020) SURAT EDARAN NOMOR 6 TAHUN 2020 TENTANG PENYELENGGARAAN PEMBELAJARAN PADA SEMESTER GENAP TAHUN AKADEMIK 2020/2021. Jakarta: Kemendikbud RI.

Flinkman, M. et al. (2017) ‘Nurse Competence Scale: a systematic and psychometric review’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(5), pp. 1035–1050. doi: 10.1111/jan.13183.

Freire, C. et al. (2019) ‘Eudaimonic well-being and coping with stress in university students: The mediating/moderating role of self-efficacy’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(1). doi: 10.3390/ijerph16010048.

Ilankoon, I. M. P. S., Kisokanth, G. and Warnakulasuriya, S. S. P. (2020) ‘COVID-19: Impact on undergraduate nursing education in Sri Lanka’, Journal of Public Health Research, 9(s1), pp. 1–3. doi: 10.4081/jphr.2020.1916.

Irawan, A. W., Dwisona, D. and Lestari, M. (2020) ‘Psychological Impacts of Students on Online Learning During the Pandemic COVID-19’, KONSELI : Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling (E-Journal), 7(1), pp. 53–60. doi: 10.24042/kons.v7i1.6389.

Mittal, R. and Kumar, R. (2018) ‘Exam Stress in MBBS Students and the Methods Used for its Alleviation’, International Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences, 7(1), p. 1604. doi: 10.18311/ijmds/2018/18909.

Mulyati, L. and Sofia, N. (2016) ‘MOTIVASI, PERAN TUTOR DAN KEJENUHAN PADA MAHASISWA DENGAN PENERAPAN KURIKULUM BERBASIS KOMPETENSI DI SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN KUNINGAN’, INJEC, 1(Juni 2016).

Oducado, R. M. F. and V.Estoque, H. (2021) ‘Online Learning in Nursing Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stress, Satisfaction, and Academic Performance’, Journal of Nursing Practice, 4(2), pp. 143–153.

Rochdiat, W., Hestu, E. and Lestiawati, E. (2019) ‘Dhikr as Nursing Intervention to Reduce Stress in Health Science Students’, INJEC, 4(1).

Rochdiat, W. and Setiawan, D. (2016) ‘Stressors Analysis in UNRIYO Students as A Basic to Develop Mental Health System in University’, in THE 3rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HEALTH SCIENCE 2016 “Optimizing the Mental Health under SDGs”, pp. 120–127.

Rosaline, M. D. and Anggraeni, D. T. (2020) ‘Factors Related to Academic Stress During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Nursing Students of UPN Veteran Jakarta’, 30(44), pp. 374–379. doi: 10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.064.

Sachitra, V. and Bandara, U. (2017) ‘Measuring the Academic Self-Efficacy of Undergraduates: The Role of Gender and Academic Year Experience’, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, 11(11), pp. 2443–2448.

Saleh, D., Camart, N. and Romo, L. (2017) ‘Predictors of stress in college students’, Frontiers in Psychology, 8(JAN), pp. 1–8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00019.

Shetty, S., Kmath, N. and Nalini, M. (2021) ‘Academic Stress and Study Habits of Health Science University Students’, Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU, 0(1), pp. 1–5.

Yang, C., Chen, A. and Chen, Y. (2021) ‘College students’ stress and health in the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of academic workload, separation from school, and fears of contagion’, PLoS ONE, 16(2 February), pp. 1–16. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0246676.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

 


 

Creative Commons License

Copyright of Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education and Clinic (INJEC) (e-ISSN:2527-8819, p-ISSN:2527-8800).


View My Stats