Fish as A Source of Micronutrients In Preventing The Risk of Pre-Eclampsia In Pregnant Women

Awatiful Azza, Cipto Susilo, Danu Indra Wardhana

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Introduction: Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy complication that is still a contributor to maternal and fetal deaths. Pre-eclampsia can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle, which includes the fulfillment of nutritional needs during pregnancy. Fish can be a source of micronutrients for pregnant women to prevent pre-eclampsia. Methods: The research design used was correlational with a cross-sectional approach. This study aims to analyze the consumption of fish-based nutrition as a source of adequate micronutrients in preventing pre-eclampsia in pregnant women. Data were obtained through questionnaires, structured interviews with a retrospective approach about fish consumption patterns during pregnancy. The sample used was 116 pregnant women in the third semester of the basic service in Jember Regency. Sampling was carried out with a questionnaire prepared by the researcher by modifying the FFQ (food frequency questioner) questionnaire in the last three months, in addition to observation/examination was also carried out to see the condition of the mother's pregnancy, structured interviews, and documentary studies for pre-eclampsia diagnosis. Data analysis was carried out by quantitative analysis using chi-square. Results: The results showed that there was a relationship between fish-based nutrition consumption and the incidence of pre-eclampsia. P-value 0.014 with OR 2.69 and 95% CI 1.208-5.634. Micronutrient deficiency is the cause of the increasing cases of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy. Conclusion: Support from all parties is needed so that pregnant women can consume fish that are safe and still hygienic and healthy in supporting their pregnancy.



fish-based nutrition; micronutrients; pre-eclampsia

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