Factors Predicting Adolescents’ Compliance on Covid-19 Prevention Protocols

Oliva Suyen Ningsih, Angelina Roida Eka, Paskaliana H. Danal

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v6i1.365
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Abstract


Introduction: Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) is an infectious disease that has become a global pandemic with 27 cases in Manggarai Regency. The adolescent as an age group with more asymptomatic hosts of the disease would be the super spreader of covid-19 to the other higher-risk age groups. The objective of this study is to identify the factors predicting adolescents’ compliance behavior toward Covid-19 prevention protocols. Methods: This study used quantitative descriptive method with a cross-sectional approach. This study was conducted in April-June 2020, involved 246 Junior High School and Senior High School students, selected by purposive sampling based on inclusion criteria, namely adolescents aged 13-18 years. The dependent variables in this study were knowledge, information monitoring, Covid-19 severity perception, and personal and social responsibility value. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and binary logistic regression. Results: There was a significant relationship between gender (AOR: 1.941, CI: 0.898-4.195) and the value of personal and social responsibility (AOR: 2.330, CI: 1.041-5.214) with adolescent adherence behavior in preventing the spread of Covid-19. Conclusion: To improve adolescent compliance behavior in preventing the spread of Covid-19, the Indonesian government and the Covid-19 task force need to consider factors such as gender and the value of personal and social responsibility in adolescents. Adolescents who have higher personal and social responsibility are more compliant in carrying out health protocols during the Covid-19 pandemic compared to adolescents who have low personal and social responsibility.


Keywords


covid-19; information monitoring; knowledge; perception; responsibility

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