The Correlation of Food and Physical Activity with Diabetes Incidence Among Older-Adult

Maria Getrida Simon, Sakti Oktaria Batubara

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v5i2.286
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Abstract


Introduction: Diabetes in older adults is associated with higher mortality, reduced functional status, and increased risk of institutionalization. Older adult with Diabetes type 2 additionally have high risk for both intense and constant microvascular and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation of food and physical activity with diabetes incidence among older adults in Pasir Panjang public health community, Kupang. Methods: The research used observational analytic design with cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique taken was convenience sampling. The samples were 120 respondents. To analyze food and physical activity with DM incidence, the researchers used a statistical chi square. To measure activity, the instrument used was the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) from the WHO and to measure food it used the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) from Indonesia’s health ministry. Results: This study showed that there was a correlation between food and type 2 DM incidence for the older adults in Pasir Panjang public health community Kupang (p = 0.008 <0.05), but there was no correlation between activity with the incidence of type 2 DM (p = 0.138> 0.05). Conclusion: Nurses need to create suitable health education regarding food consumed for older adult with type 2 diabetes, and involve their family to support patients to consume the diet.


Keywords


food; older adult; physical activity; type 2 diabetes mellitus

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