Touch and Massage on Labor Pain Intensity During First Stage of Active Phase

Irna Nursanti, Dewi Anggraini, Ari Purwaninigsih

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v5i1.282
Abstract views = 14 times | views = 1 times

Abstract


Introduction: Labor pain is a challenging issue for nurses designing intervention protocols. Touch and massage therapy is one of non-pharmacology approaches that they could do during labor process. The study was conducted to assess the effectiveness in reducing pain intensity scale on the labor during first stage of active phase. Methods: A quasi-experimental approach was conducted and a purposive sampling technique was used to recruit 56 women who expected to have normal childbirth at a public hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia. They randomly assigned to either received touch and massage intervention (experiment) or not (control). The labor pain intensity was using Verbal Description Scale (VDS) with descriptive statistics, paired, and independent t-test. Results: The result showed that touch and massage therapy had a significant impact on the experimental group (tcalI 2.839, p<0.05). A significant difference also showed among the experimental dan control group during pre-test (tcalI 1.817, p>0.05) and post-test (tcalI 10.77, p<0.05). The study found that a combination of touch and massage therapy was effective to reduce labor pain during active stage. Conclusions: Touch and massage therapy can reduce labor pain intensity, and at the same time serve as closeness and encouragement during the first stage of active phase. It is a cost-effective nursing intervention and can positively influence the quality of women’s birth experiences.


Keywords


Touch and massage, labor pain, first stage active phase

Full Text:

PDF

References


AM, H., SK, B., SK, B., & IS, K. (2016). Insomnia During Pregnancy: Diagnosis and Rational Interventions. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(4), 1030–1037. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.324.10421 LK - http://bj7rx7bn7b.search.serialssolutions.com?sid=EMBASE&issn=1682024X&id=doi:10.12669%2Fpjms.324.10421&atitle=Insomnia+during+pregnancy%3A+Diagnosis+and+rational+interventions&stitle=Pak.+J.+Med.+Sci.&title=Pakistan+Journal+of+Medical+Sciences&volume=32&issue=4&spage=1030&epage=1037&aulast=Hashmi&aufirst=Ali+M.&auinit=A.M.&aufull=Hashmi+A.M.&coden=PJMSC&isbn=&pages=1030-1037&date=2016&auinit1=A&auinitm=M.

Chang, M.-Y., Wang, S.-Y., & Chen, C.-H. (2002). Effects of massage on pain and anxiety during labour: a randomized controlled trial in Taiwan. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 38(1), 68–73. https://doi.org/10.0000/135048594357871

Gibson, E. (2014). Women’s expectations and experiences with labour pain in medical and midwifery models of birth in the United States. Women and Birth, 27(3), 185–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2014.05.002

Gönenç, I. M., & Terzioğlu, F. (2020). Effects of Massage and Acupressure on Relieving Labor Pain, Reducing Labor Time, and Increasing Delivery Satisfaction. The Journal of Nursing Research : JNR, 28(1), e68. https://doi.org/10.1097/jnr.0000000000000344

Holroyd, E., Yin-king, L., Pui-yuk, L. W., Kwok-hong, F. Y., & Shuk-lin, B. L. (1997). Hong Kong Chinese women’s perception of support from midwives during labour. Midwifery, 13(2), 66–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-6138(97)90058-9

Moayedi, M., & Davis, K. D. (2013). Theories of pain: From specificity to gate control. Journal of Neurophysiology, 109(1), 5–12. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00457.2012

Roberts, L., Gulliver, B., Fisher, J., & Cloyes, K. G. (2010). The Coping With Labor Algorithm: An Alternate Pain Assessment Tool for the Laboring Woman. Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 55(2), 107–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.11.002

Sai, C. Y., Mokhtar, N., Yip, H. W., Bak, L. L. M., Hasan, M. S., Arof, H., Cumming, P., & Mat Adenan, N. A. (2019). Objective identification of pain due to uterine contraction during the first stage of labour using continuous EEG signals and SVM. Sadhana - Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, 44(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12046-019-1058-4

Smith, C. A., Levett, K. M., Collins, C. T., Dahlen, H. G., Ee, C. C., & Suganuma, M. (2018). Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009290.pub3

Ternström, E., Hildingsson, I., Haines, H., & Rubertsson, C. (2016). Pregnant women’s thoughts when assessing fear of birth on the Fear of Birth Scale. Women and Birth, 29(3), e44–e49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2015.11.009

Tzeng, Y. L., Yang, Y. L., Kuo, P. C., Lin, Y. C., & Chen, S. L. (2017). Pain, anxiety, and fatigue during labor: A prospective, repeated measures study. Journal of Nursing Research, 25(1), 59–67. https://doi.org/10.1097/jnr.0000000000000165


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

 


Copyright of Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education and Clinic (INJEC) (e-ISSN:2527-8819, p-ISSN:2527-8800).

 

View My Stats