ERGONOMIC EXERCISES TO DECREASE JOINT PAIN SCALE AND MUSCLE STRENGTH IN ELDERLY

Titih Huriah, Ema Waliyanti, Afiani Septina Rahmawati, Yuliana Mz Matoka

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v2i1.21
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Abstract


Introduction. Epidemiological data showed an increased prevalence of chronic pain and weakness in the elderly. Nonpharmacological modality therapy is a component of multi modal management that very important for pain management, including Ergonomic Exercises. The aims of the study was to determine the effect of activity therapy ergonomic exercises to decrease joint pain scale, and to increase muscle strength in elderly with joints degenerative. Method. Quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest control group design was carried out in this study. Purposive sampling was used to identify the study subjects. A sample of 50 elderly was included in the study for experimental (17) and control (33) groups. Sampling technique used purposive sampling. T-test, Wilcoxon, and two sample Wilcoxon rank-sum, tests were used to analysis the data. Results. During the four weeks intervention of ergonomic exercise, there were significant decreases in scale joint pain in elderly with degenerative joint by P value 0.000 (α < 0.05), and increases in muscle strength by P value 0.002 for muscles pull and P value 0,0001 for muscles push. Discussion. Activity therapy of an ergonomic exercise has significant influence to decrease joint pain scale and to increase muscle strength in elderly with degenerative joints.

Keywords: joint degenerative, elderly, joint pain, muscle strength, ergonomic exercises

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