THE BRADEN SCALE, NORTON SCALE AND THE CUBBIN-JACKSON SCALE IN ASSESSING THE RISK OF PRESSURE ULCER IN THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT (ICU)

Dini Rudini

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v2i1.11
Abstract views = 1505 times | views = 61 times

Abstract


Decubitus is problem to patient in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) because it can make severe complication and can cause dead. Today there are differences to conclude the result of decubitus risk scale.This study was to compare the effectiveness of the The Braden Scale, The Norton Scale and Scale Cubbin- Jackson in assessing the risk of pressure ulcer in patients with a long bed rest and to choose the most appropriate calculator for predicting pressure ulcer in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the hospital Raden Mataher Jambi. Methods.This study used Non‑experimental prospective study. Setting of this study was in intensive care unit Raden Mataher Hospital Jambi. Subject 60 patients at Raden Mataher hospital in Jambi Main outcome measures: Sensitivity,specifcity, predictive value positive and predictive value negative and the AUC (area under the curve) of the ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve of the three scales. Results. The results of this research sample showed that Jackson Cubbin scale more valid and reliable than the Braden and the Norton scale. It can be seen from the overall validity, for the The Braden Scale score is 0.881, 0.890 and scale Norton Cubbin and Jackson scale 0.902. Discussion.The results of this study can’t be generalized topatient in ICU at another hospital because of this study may have been influenced by the clinical setting and patient characteristics.

Key words: Pressure ulcer, ICU, Branden Scale, Norton Scale, and Cubbin-Jackson Scale

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bennett, G., Dealey, C., & Posnett, J. (2004). The cost of pressure ulcers in the UK. Age and Ageing, 33(3), 230–5. doi:10.1093/ageing/afh086

Braden, B. and Bergstrom, N. 1994. Predictive validity of the Braden Scale for pressure sore risk in a nursing home population. Research in Nursing and Health, 17(6), 459 470.

Carmen, M. (2013). Risk assessment scales for pressure ulcers in intensive care units : A systematic review with meta-analysis, 13(2), 7–13.

Cooper, K. L. (2013). Evidence-based prevention of pressure ulcers in the intensive care unit. Critical Care Nurse, 33(6), 57–66. doi:10.4037/ccn2013985

Cubbin, B. and Jackson, C. 1991. Trial of a pressure ulcer risk calculator for intensive therapy patients. Intensive Care Nursing, 7(1):40 44

Polit, D.F. and Hungler, B.P. 1991. Nursing research: principles and method (3rd edn). Lippincott: Philadelphia.

Suriadi, Sanada H, Junko S, Thigpen B,Subuh M. (2008). Development of a new risk assessment scale for predicting pressure ulcers in an intensive care unit. Journal British Association of Critical Care Nurse, Nursing in Critical Care (13):34-43

Zwig, M.H. and Campbell, G. 1993. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) plots: a fundamental evaluation tool in clinical medicine. Clinical Chemistry, 39(4):561 577


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




This journal is indexed by:

 


 

Creative Commons License

Copyright of Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education and Clinic (INJEC) (e-ISSN:2527-8819, p-ISSN:2527-8800).


View My Stats