A Literature Review: Stress Management in The Family of Intensive Care Patients

Gusti Pandi Liputo, Zulfainda Eka PU, Nisa Aruming Sila, Zaenal Abidin, Alwan Revai, Ah Yusuf

= http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v3i1.175
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Introduction: Intensive care unit is a unit with a complex case and a stressor strainer. When patients enter intensive care families have a variety of stressors such as rapid decision making and costs are not small. The role of nurse as educator is very important in reducing family anxiety with patients treated in intesive units. Mothers of intensive care babies feel a great deal of anxiety over their child's condition, so there needs to be a good system support for the healing of her and her baby. Various ways nurses do in reducing stress experienced by the patient's family such as good communication between nurses and families of patients with intensive care. This review aims to get a picture of stress management that can be done on the family of intensive care patients. Methods: A literature review was conducted in the fields of ebscho, sience direct, elseiver, sage journals, scopus, and proquest, limited the range of the last 10 years from 2007-2017. The final sample included 18 articles. Results: The literature found that the causes of family stressors include rapid decision-making, fear of family emergency conditions, maintenance costs and length of care. Good communication and good information and skill support can decrease the stress experienced by intensive care patients' families. Conclussions: Intensive care is a unit with high complexity, unstable conditions and sophisticated technology. Conditions that require rigorous monitoring not only cause stressors for the patient, but become a stressor for the patient's family.


Intensive Care, Stress Management, Family Nursing

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