The Effectiveness of Paired-Share Gallery Walk (PSGW) on Students’ Critical Appraisal Skill (CAS) Improvement During The Medical Surgical Nursing Clinical Placement

Andina Setyawati, Mohammad Safar, Abdul Majid, Rini Rachmawaty

Abstract


Introductions: Less critical nurses in Indonesia may happen due to the lack of contribution of the nursing institutions in enhancing the critical thinking skill. The PSGW is one of clinical teaching methods that facilitates students to criticize the current literatures. This study aimed at identifying the effectiveness of the PSGW on students’ critical appraisal skill (CAS) improvement during the medical surgical nursing clinical placement.Methods: This quasy-experimental study used pre-posttest control group design. The subjects were students who are currently in the professional practice stage of medical surgical nursing area. They were randomly assigned into two groups: 30 subjects in intervention group who conducted PSGW and 30 subjects in control group who conducted standard method of journal presentation. CAS questionnaires developed by Oxford University had been used to measure students’ CAS in criticizing the journal. The data was analyzed using Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney, paired  t-test, and independent t-test with level of significance at 0.05.Results: The intervention group experienced a significant increase in CAS score (p=0.0001) after performing the PSGW, while the control group experienced an insignificant decrease (p=0.596) after performing the standard method of journal reading. When comparing the posttest CAS of both groups, the result showed that there were significant differences in the posttest CAS scores (p=0.0001) with large effect size (r=0.63).Conclusions: The PSGW is an effective learning method for clinical teaching. Further study needs to be performed to investigate the effectiveness of PSGW on the academic learning process.


Keywords


Paired-share gallery walk, critical appraisal skill, clinical students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aprisunandi (2011) Hubungan Antara Berpikir Kritis Perawat dengan Kualitas Asuhan Keperawatan di Unit Perawatan Ortopedi Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Fatmawati Jakarta, Tesis. Universitas Indonesia.

Augustin, M. (2014) ‘How to learn effectively in medical school: Test yourself, learn actively, and repeat in intervals’, Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 87(2), pp. 207–212.

Azizi-Fini, I., Hajibagheri, A. and Adib-Hajbaghery, M. (2015) ‘Critical Thinking Skills in Nursing Students: a Comparison Between Freshmen and Senior Students’, Nursing and Midwifery Studies, 4(1). doi: 10.17795/nmsjournal25721.

Bowman, S. L. (2005) The Gallery Walk : An Opening, Closing, Review Activity. Glenbrook.

Brunt, B. A. (2005) ‘Critical thinking in nursing: An integrated review’, The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 36(2), pp. 60–67. doi: 10.1097/00003465-199511000-00006.

Chin, C.K., Aquino, J.B., and Kian, T.T. (November, 2016). Peer-asseesed gallery walk as a teaching strategy: a professional development experience for 21st century education. Third International Conference on Teacher Learning and Development, Penang, Malaysia.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311984269_Peer-Assessed_Gallery_Walk_as_a_Teaching_Strategy_A_Professional_Development_Experience_for_21st_Century_Education_Peer-Assessed_Gallery_Walk_as_a_Teaching_Strategy_A_Professional_Development_Experiendiakses tanggal 12 September 2017.

Critical Appraisal Skill Programme. (2017). CASP randomized controlled trial checklist.http://www.casp-uk.net. Diakses pada tanggal 20 April 2017.

Departemen KMB UNHAS (2016) Surgical Medical Nursing Professional Handbook. Universitas Hasanuddin.

Ganeshini (2014) Strengthening student engagement in the classroom.

Graaf, E and Farreras, M. (2015). Active teachers active students. 13th International Workshop Active Learning in Engineering, Spain. pure.au.dk/portal/files/96597406/ALE_2015_proceedings_final.pdfdiakses pada tanggal 12 September 2017.

Kumar, A. et al. (2009) ‘Critical appraisal skills are essential to informed decision-making’, Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, 30(2), p. 112. doi: 10.4103/0253-7184.62770.

Ligita, T. (2012) ‘Pengetahuan , Sikap dan Kesiapan Perawat Klinisi dalam Implementasi Evidence-Base Practice’, NERS Jurnal Keperawatan, 8(1), pp. 83–85.

Mohammadi, I., Taghinejad, H., Suhrabi, Z., and Tavan, H. (june, 2017). The correlation of various method gallery walk and academic learning achievement of nursing students. Journal of Basic Research in Medical Science, 4(3) : 8-13.

Mulyaningsih (2013) ‘Peningkatan Perilaku Caring Melalui Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Perawat’, Jurnal Managemen Keperawatan, 1(2), pp. 100–106.

Pallant, Julie. (2011). SPSS survival manual :a step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS, 4th Ed. Australia : Allen & Unwin.

Pandapotan (2016) Penerapan Strategi pembelajaran Gallery Walk untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa pada Mata Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial. Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

Rodenbaugh, D. W. (2015) ‘Maximize a team-based learning gallery walk experience: herding cats is easier than you think’, Advances in Physiology Education, 39(4), pp. 411–413. doi: 10.1152/advan.00012.2015.

Schulz, K. F. et al. (2010) ‘CONSORT 2010 statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials.’, BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 340(mar23 1), p. c332. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c332.

Tan, C. and Alcantara., M. C. (2017) ‘Gallery Walk Technique in Teaching Selected Topics in English and Learners’ Performance.’, International Journal of Advanced Research, pp. 1000–1002. doi: 10.21474/IJAR01/3598.

Thayer-Bacon, B. (2000) ‘Transforming Critical Thinking: Thinking Constructively’, Studies in Philosophy and Education, 22, pp. 123–148. doi: 0-8077-3924-3.

Tingen, M. S. et al. (2009) ‘The importance of nursing research.’, The Journal of nursing education, 48(3), pp. 167–70. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20090301-10.

Wasti, S. (2013) ‘Hubungan Minat Belajar Dengan Hasil Belajar Mata Pelajaran Tata Busana Di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Padang’, E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism, 2(1).

Xu, J. (2016) ‘Toolbox of teaching strategies in nurse education’, Chinese Nursing Research, 3(2), pp. 54–57. doi: 10.1016/j.cnre.2016.06.002.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24990/injec.v2i2.150

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

 

 

 


 

 

 Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:2527-8800; e-ISSN:2527-8819) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.